, “the gateway to the north-east India” is the District Headquarters of Kamrup Metropolitan District and is the capital of Assam . The state secretariat is located in Dispur which was once a suburban part of Guwahati City.
Guwahati was known to ancient India as Pragjyotishpur from Vedic era. It is a beautiful valley surrounded by blue hills except the north, which opens to the mighty river Brahmaputra. The name Pragjyotishpur as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata means the “ City of light of the east”. This name is said to be derived from Nabagraha Temple (The temple of the nine celestial planets), which still exists as a centre of devotion in the Nabagraha Hills . This temple is still a famous centre of Astrology.
Guwahati abounds in many monuments of bygone eras. Sukreswar temple, Kamakhya temple, Vasisthaashram, Umananda, Nabagraha, Ugratara, Aswaklanta and various other monuments bear antiquity to the city.
After independence Guwahati developed in all aspects of human activity and became a major centre of Education, Culture , Business and Industry . Having a number of Advanced Centres of education which includes the Gauhati Medical College, Engineering Colleges , IIT and other Technical Institutes. The Kalakshetra in Guwahati has developed as a Heritage Centre of the state of Assam, which vividly depicts the rich heritage of the entire state.
Another major attraction for tourists in Guwahati are the water safaris on the river Brahmaputra. Besides this Pobitora a wild life sanctuary close to Guwahati has the highest density of population of the one horned Rhinoceros and for those who cannot manage to travel to Kaziranga can well enjoy Pobitora and see the rich flora and fauna of this part of the country.
Now Guwahati is developing at a rapid pace because of the centre’s act east policy. It is among the 1st 100 smart cities of India. Very soon it is going to be sport capital of India.
The weather in Guwahati in December will be pleasant with approximately 24 0C &100C being the maximum & minimum average Temperature respectively.
How to reach Guwahati
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (IATA: GAU) is also known as Guwahati International Airport is a major hub for flights to North East India. With all major domestic and international airlines flying into Guwahati, it is the thirteenth busiest airport in India in total passenger traffic. Daily and weekly flights are available to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Bangkok, Paro and other important destinations.
The Guwahati Junction, located in Paltan Bazaar & the Kamakhya junction at Maligaon area are the major railway stations of the city. There are regular trains connecting Guwahati to and from other major cities of the country. Rajdhani Express, Poorvottar Sampark Kranti Express, Brahmaputra Express, Kamrup Express, Northeast Express, Saraighat Express and Garib Rath are some significant trains running to and from Guwahati. The train with the longest route in India, Vivek Express, which runs from Dibrugarh in Upper Assam to Kanyakumari in southern tip of India passes through Guwahati Junction.
NH31, NH37 and NH40 pass through Guwahati. Uber, Ola, My taxi, Prime Cab etc. taxies are available at Guwahati.
It is connected to all major cities of North East India by bus. There are overnight bus services for Kohima, Imphal, Itanagar, Siliguri. Rupnath Brahma Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT), located at Betkuchi area on NH37, is the most significant terminal cum transit point for buses plying between Guwahati and other destinations in Assam and Northeast India.